Mountain gorillas are the critically endangered species that have endured harsh conditions in the jungle, statistics show there are only 880 mountain gorillas remaining in the whole world.
The thrill of having a close encounter with the mountain gorillas in their natural habitat is one of the experiential safaris you will enjoy only in Africa. Gorillas are special primates sharing 98% DNA with human beings. Gorilla are in two species that is to say western and eastern then further classified into 4 sub species where we find the mountain gorilla in Uganda, Rwanda and Congo, cross river gorillas, Eastern Lowland Gorillas and the Western lowland gorillas
Gorillas are protected in only 10 countries in the world and all these countries are in Africa. However the top destinations for mountain gorilla watching are:
Uganda is a home to half population of the remaining mountain gorilla in the misty Bwindi impenetrable forests national park which hosts over 400 mountain gorillas at its four tracking sectors, Buhoma, Nkuringo, Rushaga, Ruhija, currently Bwindi has 14 habituated gorilla families, away from Bwindi forest being a home to mountain gorillas, it also hosts other primates like red-tailed monkeys, olive baboons, blue monkeys and hosts over 350 bird species, and various water falls. Then Mgahinga gorilla national park in the foot hills of Virunga Mountain and Muhabura ranges which hosts one gorilla family called Nyakagenzi because its habituated gorilla families are always on the move crossing over to Rwanda and Congo other primates like golden monkeys which are unique and very curious can be found in mgahinga too,you will be to see the indigenous Batwa people who were evicted out of the forest in 1991,their cultural performance and tales is touching through illustration of their life in the forest, participate in the wonderful performances done by the Batwa in the sacred Ngarama cave.
Volcanoes national park in Rwanda is approximately 2 hours drive from Kigali airport, it lies northwest of Rwanda bordering Virunga and Mgahinga national park. While a visit to the mountain gorillas is often at the top list of visitor, the dramatic landscape also offers thrilling hiking to Dian fossey tombs, one lady who advocated her time to fight for the rights of mountain gorillas against poaching and visits to the fascinating golden monkeys, hike to mount Bisoke which straddles between Rwanda and Congo with beautiful scenery of a crater lake at the top.
Virunga national park was established in 1925 and known as one of the oldest national parks, it was purposely to conserve the critically endangered mountain gorillas, it is said there are over 200 mountain gorillas in virunga.Though Congo gets interrupted by persistent civil wars and rebel attacks, Congo has both the mountain gorillas and the lowland gorillas. This Africa’s second largest country has amazing wildlife including bonobos, Okapis and more that are endemic to only this country. Large colonies of hippopotamus, forest and savanna elephants, lions, and numerous rare bird species can also be found in the park. Dense forests that cover virunga makes it ideal habitat for the chimpanzees and other primate species.Across the valley sits one of the active volcanic mountains Nyirangogo that rewards tourists who hike to the top with a large volcanic lava lake at the top.